Bhagat Trilochan
(1267-1335 AD)


"O Dear Lord, You, Yourself know everything; so prays Trilochan, Lord."


Sheikh Farid breathed his last in 1266AD & a year after in 1277AD, was born in the state of Maharashtra another devotee of God by the name of Trilochan. The hymns he composed later in his life lead a person on the path of spirituality through varied precepts. Guru Arjan Dev ji included these hymns in Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, making them a part of Shabad-Guru.
Trilochan was born in the village Barsi, near the town of Sholapur in the Maharashtra state, though some scholars hold the view that he was born in Uttar Pradesh & that there was a Marathi influence on the language of his hymns in consequence of his prolonged stay in Maharashtra. Trilochan was a contemporary & close friend of Bhagat Namdev (1270-1330). Bhagat Trilochan observed that whenevr he called on his friend Namdev, the latter always happened to be busy in one worldly affair or another. At last one day, Trilochan could not restrain himself and asked his friend that he always appeared occupied in worldly affairs, how did he find the time to remember the Lord? Namdev satisfied his friends' curiosity in a very convincing manner and told him that althoguh his hands were engaged in worldly occupation, his mind was ever fixed on Him. For a householder, this was the best way to remember/worship God. Trilochan felt rather satisfied & happy at this answer. As says Bhai Gurdas, in his Var: X.21, it was Namdev who intoduced Trilochan to his Guru who showed him the way to the Lord. On this point, Guru Arjan Dev ji says:

Meeting with the Guru, Trilochan attained the perfection of the Siddhas.

Four hymns of Trilochan are extant in the Sikh Scripture. These hymns severely denounce the futility of rituals and observances, superstitions and sham austerity. He says that engaging in such activities is as futile as churning water. He emphasises the need of realising God. Human mind remains impure and full of evils like ego. The outer garb is of a mendicant, but the soul inside is impure and mind restless. Bhagat Trilochan considers such beings and fallen ones, as having gone astray. Such people are not even remotely related to God, rather they deceive themselves as well as others. A hymn by Trilochan sums up these views as follows:

You have not cleansed the filth from within yourself, although outwardly, you wear the dress of a renunciate.
In the heart-lotus of your self, you have not recognized God - why have you become a Sannyaasee? ||1||
Deluded by doubt, O Jai Chand,
You have not realized the Lord, the embodiment of supreme bliss. ||1||Pause||

Only a daring and unattached holy-man could make such an unbashed & emphatic comment which happened to satirise the contemporary social & religious set up. Bhagat Trilochan was one such saint who dared say so. In his hymn in the SGGS under Dhanasri measure, he addresses his wife, but subtly conveys a universal message:

"Deluded foolish woman! Why blame on God?" SGGS-Aang 695

His universal message was that God never does anything wrong & bad. Therefore, it is not proper for us to blame God for wrong-doings because pain and pleasure are the result of our own bad deeds & doings, both are cautioned against in Shabad-Guru ji. Trilochan tries to impress upon his wife the fact that one must face the consequence of one's deeds. The only way to save one's self from them is to ever remember God with complete devotion. This can save one from all kinds of bondage. God's grace & remembrance are the only means to wash off Karmic effects. Another hymn by him, included in the SGGS; under Gujri measure, warns us of such effects:

At the very last moment, one who thinks of wealth, and dies in such thoughts,
shall be reincarnated over and over again, in the form of serpents. ||1||

Thus, he advises mankind not to remain engrossed throughout life in wealth, woman, son & land lest one should have all or any of these in one's consciousness all the time and especially at one's death. Mankind should perform their filial and social obligation in such a way that they never become forgetful of God. This will help them concentrate on the Divine Name as their end draws near. Only this can put an end to the process of their transmigration. The essence of the above hymn by Trilochan ji is to make a person aware of these aweful species which could become their fate. Thus, every individual is exhorted to remember the Lord which is the only means of diverting mankind's sensibilities, given to sensuous pleasure & material comfort, towards the pious Name of God. This reminds human creature of the ultimate objective of life, ie, remembrance of God always.
Guru Arjan Dev ji has also pointed out the disgusting characteristics of attachment & material gains. He exhorts persons that have God-ralisation as their ideal & live in the company of holy men (Saadh Sangat) to remain ever unaffected by and indifferent to the attachment of Moh & Maya (attachment and pursuit of material gain) Guru ji states:

O emotional attachment, you are the invincible warrior of the battlefield of life; you totally crush and destroy even the most powerful.
You entice and fascinate even the heavenly heralds, celestial singers, gods, mortals, beasts and birds.

In sum, it can be said that Bhagat Trilochan ji has, with the halp of some very apt historical & mythological allusions, shown a person the importance of the remembrance of the Divine Name with a pure heart. This is, instead of indulging in the in rituals & observances, which are as futile as churning water. He advises the mortal against over-indulgence in worldly, material attachments and achievements.
The following are some of his works, or work on him, from Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji:

Siree Raag, Trilochan:
The mind is totally attached to Maya; the mortal has forgotten his fear of old age and death.
Gazing upon his family, he blossoms forth like the lotus flower; the deceitful person watches and covets the homes of others. ||1||
When the powerful Messenger of Death comes, no one can stand against his awesome power.
Rare, very rare, is that friend who comes and says,
"O my Beloved, take me into Your Embrace! O my Lord, please save me!"||1||Pause||
Indulging in all sorts of princely pleasures, O mortal, you have forgotten God; you have fallen into the world-ocean, and you think that you have become immortal.
Cheated and plundered by Maya, you do not think of God, and you waste your life in laziness. ||2||
The path you must walk is treacherous and terrifying, O mortal; neither the sun nor the moon shine there.
Your emotional attachment to Maya will be forgotten, when you have to leave this world. ||3||
Today, it became clear to my mind that the Righteous Judge of Dharma is watching us.
His messengers, with their awesome power, crush people between their hands; I cannot stand against them. ||4||
If someone is going to teach me something, let it be that the Lord is pervading the forests and fields.
O Dear Lord, You, Yourself know everything; so prays Trilochan, Lord. ||5||2||


Goojaree, Padas Of Trilochan Jee, First House:
One Universal Creator God. By The Grace Of The True Guru:
You have not cleansed the filth from within yourself, although outwardly, you wear the dress of a renunciate.
In the heart-lotus of your self, you have not recognized God - why have you become a Sannyaasee? ||1||
Deluded by doubt, O Jai Chand,
You have not realized the Lord, the embodiment of supreme bliss. ||1||Pause||
You eat in each and every house, fattening your body; you wear the patched coat and the ear-rings of the beggar, for the sake of wealth.
You apply the ashes of cremation to your body, but without a Guru, you have not found the essence of reality. ||2||
Why bother to chant your spells? Why bother to practice austerities? Why bother to churn water?
Meditate on the Lord of Nirvaanaa, who has created the 8.4 million species of beings. ||3||
Why bother to carry the water-pot, O saffron-robed Yogi? Why bother to visit the sixty-eight holy places of pilgrimage?
Says Trilochan, listen, mortal: you have no corn - what are you trying to thresh? ||4||1||

GOOJAREE:
At the very last moment, one who thinks of wealth, and dies in such thoughts,
shall be reincarnated over and over again, in the form of serpents. ||1||
O sister, do not forget the Name of the Lord of the Universe. ||Pause||
At the very last moment, he who thinks of women, and dies in such thoughts,
shall be reincarnated over and over again as a prostitute. ||2||
At the very last moment, one who thinks of his children, and dies in such thoughts,
shall be reincarnated over and over again as a pig. ||3||
At the very last moment, one who thinks of mansions, and dies in such thoughts,
shall be reincarnated over and over again as a goblin. ||4||
At the very last moment, one who thinks of the Lord, and dies in such thoughts,
says Trilochan, that man shall be liberated; the Lord shall abide in his heart. ||5||2||

Dhanaasaree, The Word Of Devotee Trilochan Jee:
One Universal Creator God. By The Grace Of The True Guru:
Why do you slander the Lord? You are ignorant and deluded.
Pain and pleasure are the result of your own actions. ||1||Pause||
The moon dwells in Shiva's forehead; it takes its cleansing bath in the Ganges.
Among the men of the moon's family, Krishna was born;
even so, the stains from its past actions remain on the moon's face. ||1||
Aruna was a charioteer; his master was the sun, the lamp of the world. His brother was Garuda, the king of birds;
and yet, Aruna was made a cripple, because of the karma of his past actions. ||2||
Shiva, the destroyer of countless sins, the Lord and Master of the three worlds, wandered from sacred shrine to sacred shrine; he never found an end to them.
And yet, he could not erase the karma of cutting off Brahma's head. ||3||
Through the nectar, the moon, the wish-fulfilling cow, Lakshmi, the miraculous tree of life, Sikhar the sun's horse, and Dhanavantar the wise physician - all arose from the ocean, the lord of rivers;
and yet, because of its karma, its saltiness has not left it. ||4||
Hanuman burnt the fortress of Sri Lanka, uprooted the garden of Raawan, and brought healing herbs for the wounds of Lachhman, pleasing Lord Raamaa;
and yet, because of his karma, he could not be rid of his loin cloth. ||5||
The karma of past actions cannot be erased, O wife of my house; this is why I chant the Name of the Lord.
So prays Trilochan, Dear Lord. ||6||1||
Meeting with the Guru, Trilochan attained the perfection of the Siddhas.


 

 

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